# Machine learning engineer Interview Questions

Companies rely on machine learning engineers to help design and improve the systems that allow their software to improve on its own, rather than being specifically programmed. During the interview process, be prepared to be tested heavily on both computer science and data science knowledge, with an emphasis on recognising patterns and trends. A bachelor's degree in computer science or a related field will be required.

## Top Machine Learning Engineer Interview Questions & How to Answer

Here are three top machine learning engineer interview questions and tips on how to answer them:

### Question No. 1: What are the most important algorithms, programming terms and theories to understand as a machine learning engineer?

How to answer: Be prepared to talk about things such as Type I and Type II errors, supervised and unsupervised machine learning, ROC curves and other key parts of machine learning. Employers want to know you have a strong knowledge of the technical aspects of the job position.

### Question No. 2: How would you explain machine learning to someone who does not understand it?

How to answer: Machine learning engineers sometimes have to work with people who aren't familiar with the technical aspects of the job. Use this interview question as an opportunity to show your strong knowledge of the position and your communication abilities.

### Question No. 3: How do you stay up to date with the latest news and trends in machine learning?

How to answer: By talking about how you are up to date with the latest news and trends in machine learning, you can show an employer that you are engaged in the industry, a skilled researcher and self-motivated.

### Suppose you have a matrix of numbers. How can you easily compute the sum of any rectangle (i.e. a range [row_start, row_end, col_start, col_end]) of those numbers? How would you code this?

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Compute the sum of the rectangles, for all i,j, bounded by (i,j), (i,m), (n,j), (n,m), where (n,m) is the size of the matrix M. Call that sum s(i,j). You can calculate s(i,j) by dynamic programming: s(i,j) = M(i,j) + s(i+1,j) + s(i,j+1) - s(i+1,j+1). And the sum of any rectangle can be computed from s(i,j). Less

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Awesome!!

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The answer is already popular in computer vision fields!! It is called integral imaging. See this page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haar-like_features Less

### Have you ever had your code formally verified?

6 Answers↳

What were the online coding questions like? Could you elaborate?

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Object detection. Is that what yours was?

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it is same as mine. Could you give me more details about the online coding? what algorithm did they test on object detection part? Less

### What are some of the projects that you have done?

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Do you mind to share what are the hard leetcode questions they asked during the interview? Less

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I dont think it's fair to share which question they asked. But the exact same question is on leetcode and the difficulty level is hard. Less

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What topic you are being ask from in leetcode? also did they ask you system design and CS fundamentals. Less

### Give an image, when we take 2 sub images from it, calculate the ratio similar to AnB/AuB.

4 Answers↳

Coded in python but wasn't able to finish it

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Can you elaborate on the question

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Given a matrix and coordinates of 2 rectangles calculate the weighted IoU in linear/constant time. Less

### how to sort in O(Logn) time

3 Answers↳

I don't think you can sort in O(logn) because you will need to go through the whole data at least once, making it O(n). Indeed, you can do it in O(logn) if the data is guarantee with some specific constrain or relationship. I think the best you can sort a completely random data is O(nlogn). Less

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I didn't come up with the answer. it is not difficult, just not prepared

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what is the question

### 1 question I had was next greatest element in an array - searching only to the right. I had a solution with O(n^2), but they said don't even bother, that's rejected

3 Answers↳

If you do it backwards, you actually just need to compare the last greatest value against the next element, so should be o(n) Less

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Just use monotonic stack , it will help to get the next greatest element for every element of the array on O(n) with a space of o(n) Less

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O(n^2) solution rejected, then tried reverse search, but ran out of time

### Design round: Design an api rate limiter Coding round: simple manipulation of arrays and maps Craft round: Design an ML Labelling system

3 Answers↳

There will be many documents in a document database. The labelling system must use machine learning to label into different categories. Eg help desk, system document, technical. There will a small train dataset available but not entirely reliable. Less

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The correct answer would be to use a combination of weak learning methods and gradually incorporate feedback and make it stronger Less

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APi rate limiter was really simple, just look at uber/ratelimit on git and thats it. Rest was farily easy Less

### Why does one use MSE as a measure of quality. What is the scientific/mathematical reason for the same?

3 Answers↳

Mean-Square error is an error metric for measuring image or video quality it is popular video and image quality metric because the analysis and mathematics is easier with this L2-Norm metric. Most video and image quality experts will agree that MSE is not a very good measure of perceptual video and image quality. Less

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The mathematical reasoning behind the MSE is as follows: For any real applications, noise in the readings or the labels is inevitable. We generally assume this noise follows Gaussian distribution and this holds perfectly well for most of the real applications. Considering 'e' follows gaussian distribution in y=f(x) + e and calculating the MLE, we get MSE which is also L2 distance. Note: Assuming some other noise distribution may lead to other MLE estimate which will not be MSE. Less

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MSE is used for understanding the weight of the errors in any model. This helps us understand model accuracy in a way that is helpful when choosing different types of models. Check out more answers on InterviewQuery.com Less

### Please code up and send me a function that takes two integer arrays and returns their intersection. This answer must take less than n^2 time.

3 Answers↳

Use a hash table or tree.

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modify merge sort

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sample outline of O(n log n) algorithm : a.sort(); b.sort(); list c={}; int i1=0,i2=0; while(true) { if(i1==n || i2==n) break; if(a[i1]==b[i2]) { c.insert(a[i1]); i1++; i2++; }else { if(a[i1] < b[i2]) i1++; else i2++; } } return c; Less